General characteristics

Dry grassland, Steppes (65%)

Broad-leaved deciduous woodland (5%)

Other land (including Towns, Villages, Roads, Waste places, Mines, Industrial sites) (30%)

Habitats that are a primary reason for selection of this site

Calaminarian grasslands of the Violetalia calaminariae

This site on the south-eastern edge of Bodmin Moor supports internationally-important Calaminarian grassland metallophyte communities. The legacy of a long history of copper and tin extraction survives as mine spoil which has been colonised by a number of metallophytic bryophytes. In particular, the site supports the only known site in the world for the endangered Cornish path-moss Ditrichum cornubicum. Other notable metallophytes include the Red Data Book liverworts Cephaloziella massalongi and the endemic C. nicholsonii, both associated with copper-rich substrates, and the mosses Pohlia andalusica and Scopelophila cataractae, the latter possibly an introduction into this country on imported ore. Many other notable bryophytes have colonised the spoil, including the liverworts Cephaloziella integerrima, C. stellulifera, Lophozia sudetica, Gymnomitrion obtusum and Marsupella funckii, and the moss Ditrichum lineare. The vulnerable liverwort Cephaloziella calyculata grows on derelict mine buildings.

© Crown copyright. All rights reserved. Natural England [2015].